Funds will establish an unprecedented resource to clarify Alzheimer’s disease mechanisms and discover new treatments
The Banner Alzheimer’s Foundation has been awarded a $5 million grant on behalf of several Arizona-based research institutions to develop an unprecedented public resource of molecular data to help advance the scientific understanding, treatment and prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.
The research project is a collaborative effort between the Banner Alzheimer’s Institute, Banner Sun Health Research Institute, the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), the Arizona State University- Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center at the Biodesign Institute, and the Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium. It also includes researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
The partners predict that the data set resulting from this project will become one of the most widely used and highly valued scientific resources in the fight against Alzheimer’s disease.
The grant funding comes from the NOMIS Foundation, a private Swiss foundation supporting insight- driven scientific endeavors across all disciplines. Established in 2008, the NOMIS Foundation seeks to “create a spark” in the world of science by funding highly innovative, groundbreaking research in the natural sciences, social sciences and the humanities.
In this four-year project, funds will be used to develop a public resource of detailed gene expression data from human brain cells and regions that differ in the vulnerability or resilience to Alzheimer’s disease, and help to galvanize discovery of disease mechanisms, risk factors and treatments. The project will capitalize on high-quality brain tissue from 100 brain donors with and without Alzheimer’s. The brain samples are made available through
the Banner Sun Health Research Institute’s Brain and Body Donation Program, a world-leading resource of data and brain samples for the fight against Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and other cognitive changes associated with normal aging.
The project also capitalizes on the isolation of different types of brain cells, the detailed sequencing of the genes that are expressed in these brain cells, and the detailed sequencing of each of the brain donor’s inherited genes at TGen.
Researchers at Arizona State University will capitalize on emerging data analysis tools to interrogate and make sense of these large data sets, discover those molecular networks that seem to be involved in vulnerability or resilience to different forms of Alzheimer’s pathology, and identify molecular targets at which to aim new treatments. The ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center will then capitalize on the push-pull relationship between this potentially transformational data set, other human data sets, and experimental studies in mouse, cellular and other laboratory models at ASU to discover new Alzheimer’s disease mechanisms and treatments. Indeed, this push-pull relationship between human brain data and basic science is intended to become a defining feature of this recently established and growing Center.
“There is an urgent need to clarify the brain processes involved in the development of Alzheimer’s disease and use this information to discover effective ways to treat and prevent the disease,” says Dr. Eric Reiman, who serves as executive director of the Banner Alzheimer’s Institute, CEO of Banner Research, director of the Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium, and is a faculty member at ASU, TGen, and the University of Arizona. Dr. Reiman is spearheading the collaboration. “While studies in animal, cellular and other laboratory models play essential roles in this endeavor, detailed molecular data from persons with and without Alzheimer’s are needed to further inform these experimental studies and clarify the extent to which findings are relevant to this fundamentally human disease.”
Reiman believes the grant and resulting data will help attract future investment from the National Institutes of Health to support further expansion of the human data set. “This funding provides the foundation to build one of the largest basic and translational neuroscience programs for the fight against Alzheimer’s and related neurodegenerative diseases,” says Reiman.
The project is led by Reiman, Dr. Winnie S. Liang of TGen, Dr. Thomas G. Beach of the Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium, and Dr. Ben Readhead and Dr. Joel Dudley of the ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center and Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.
“Performing a comprehensive and cell-specific characterization of Alzheimer’s disease is key to clarifying the cellular and molecular complexity of this debilitating disease. In doing so, we hope to simultaneously identify new therapeutic targets and to also generate a public resource to drive continued discoveries in Alzheimer’s and aging research,” says Dr. Liang of TGen.
Dr. Dudley adds, “Rapid advances in computational biology and artificial intelligence enable us to ask powerful new questions about human health and disease. This project will enable us to generate an unprecedented quality and depth of data, which will allow us to leverage the latest computational techniques to shed new light on the complexity of Alzheimer’s disease.”
About Banner Alzheimer’s Institute and Foundation
Established in 2006 by Banner Health, one of the country’s largest nonprofit health care systems, the Banner Alzheimer’s
Institute has a three-fold focus: to conduct revolutionary studies in the detection, treatment and prevention of Alzheimer’s; to set a national standard of patient and family care; and to forge scientific collaborations that bring together institutions and disciplines internationally. Banner Alzheimer’s Foundation secures and stewards charitable gifts to advance this mission. For more information, visit www.banneralz.org.
About Banner Sun Health Research Institute
Since 1986, Banner Sun Health Research Institute, part of nonprofit Banner Health, has been a leader nationally and
internationally in the effort to find answers to disorders of aging including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. The institute, together with its Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium partners, has been designated by the National Institutes of Health as one of just 29 Alzheimer’s Disease Centers in the nation. The institute’s Cleo Roberts Center for Clinical Research takes laboratory discoveries to clinical trials that foster hope for new treatments. Banner Health is Arizona’s leading health care provider and second largest private employer. For more information, visit www.bannershri.org.
Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) is a Phoenix, Arizona-based non-profit organization dedicated to conducting groundbreaking research with life changing results. TGen is focused on helping patients with neurological disorders, cancer, diabetes, and infectious diseases, through cutting edge translational research (the process of rapidly moving research towards patient benefit). TGen physicians and scientists work to unravel the genetic components of both common and rare complex diseases in adults and children. Working with collaborators in the scientific and medical communities literally worldwide, TGen makes a substantial contribution to help our patients through efficiency and effectiveness of the translational process. TGen is allied with City of Hope, a world-renowned independent research and cancer and diabetes treatment center: www.cityofhope.org. This precision medicine alliance enables both institutes to complement each other in research and patient care, with City of Hope providing a significant clinical setting to advance scientific discoveries made by TGen. For more information, visit: www.tgen.org.
About ASU–Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center
A partnership of Arizona State University and Banner Health, the ASU-Banner Neurodegenerative Disease Research Center at the Biodesign Institute is a research alliance to advance the scientific study, treatment and prevention of Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. Expected to become one of the world’s largest basic science centers for the study of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases and attract the top minds in these fields, the Center is an extension of the partners’ work with the Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium, a leading model of statewide collaboration in biomedical research. For more information, visit https://www.biodesign.asu.edu/neurodegenerative-disease.
About Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium
The Arizona Alzheimer’s Consortium is the nation’s leading model of statewide collaboration in Alzheimer’s disease research. Established in 1998, the Consortium capitalizes on its participating institutions’ complementary strengths in brain imaging computer science, genomics, the basic and cognitive neurosciences and clinical and neuropathology research to promote the scientific understanding and early detection of Alzheimer’s disease and find effective disease-stopping and prevention
therapies. It also seeks to educate Arizona residents about Alzheimer’s disease, research progress in the state and the resources needed to help patients, families and professionals manage the disease. The Consortium is determined to find effective treatments to halt the progression and prevent the onset of Alzheimer’s disease in the next 12 years. For more information, visit http://azalz.org/.